Usually, softwood consists of tracheids and wood rays but lacks vessels. As vessels are absent, softwood is also called non-porous wood.
The lack of vessels allows softwoods to absorb adhesives quickly, resulting in a better finish.
Softwood is commonly used in building material such as structural frames, exterior and interior wall cladding, fittings, floor coverings, formwork, and scaffolding, among others. It is also used in the paper and cardboard industry.
It comes with loose grain, higher sap content, and lighter color. However, it has poor fire resistance.
Its fine and lightweight structure makes it the best wood for furniture.